Kants approach to ethics and the issue of suicide essay

Leading 20th century proponent of Kantianism:

Kants approach to ethics and the issue of suicide essay

All Enlightenment thinkers who wrote on the subject — Hume, Voltaire and Rousseau among others — agreed that the religious condemnation of suicide was not only preposterous but also entirely lacking in charity. Kant, on the other hand, denounced suicide in the most unqualified and indeed quite furious terms.

However, Kant also has a number of purely secular arguments, two of which deserve some discussion. According to the first of them, the suicide is abasing and degrading his humanity by treating himself as no more than a thing: If he disposes of himself, he treats his value as that of a beast.

He who so behaves, who has no respect for human behavior, makes a thing of himself. I am treating somebody as a thing and thus debasing his humanity if I try to dominate him so that he will, under the force of my superior will, automatically do what I want.

And setting aside the notion of treating somebody as a thing, it is unquestionable that people do frequently debase other human beings. I am debasing a person if I humiliate him, if I get him to the point at which, to preserve his job which I control, he has to fawn and beg for mercy or to confess to wrongs he never committed.

In such circumstances I have no regard for his feelings, especially for his pride and dignity. In reply to Kant, it must also be emphasized that a great many cases in which people have committed or have attempted to commit suicide do not at all resemble debasements of the kind just described.

If I commit suicide I may do so freely. I am not necessarily the victim of the stronger will of someone else.

Immanuel Kant - Wikipedia

Nor am I indifferent to my own feelings or my own dignity; but on the contrary I may compassionately decide to terminate what I regard as my pointless or even perhaps degrading suffering. In such circumstances I have not become a thing, and I have not at all debased myself.

This is contrary to the highest duty we have towards ourselves, for it annuls the conditions of all other duties. This argument involves a confusion between the following two statements: During a visit to my house Blau has a heart attack. In such circumstances it would clearly be my duty to call a physician.

However, it is not my duty to live in Melbourne, Australia, as a next-door-neighbor of Samuel Blau. It should be noted that in various places Kant himself rejects statement 2. It evidently never occurred to Kant that a person who committed suicide may have been suffering acutely from physical or mental pain, or both, and was not injuring anybody by his act.The categorical imperative (German: kategorischer Imperativ) is the central philosophical concept in the deontological moral philosophy of Immanuel iridis-photo-restoration.comuced in Kant's Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals, it may be defined as a way of evaluating motivations for action..

According to Kant, sentient beings occupy a special place in creation, and morality can be summed up in an.

Kant's Moral Philosophy (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

Kant holds the theory of intrinsic morality based on the liberty of homo will. Good is good by itself. and the right is right by itself. It doesn’t depend upon the effects or effects of the action for a human action to be right or incorrect.

The categorical imperative (German: kategorischer Imperativ) is the central philosophical concept in the deontological moral philosophy of Immanuel iridis-photo-restoration.comuced in Kant's Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals, it may be defined as a way of evaluating motivations for action..

According to Kant, sentient beings occupy a special place in creation, and morality can be summed up in an.

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Kant On Suicide Paul Edwards disagrees with Kant in this recently-discovered paper. All Enlightenment thinkers who wrote on the subject – Hume, Voltaire and Rousseau among others – agreed that the religious condemnation of suicide was not only preposterous but also entirely lacking in charity.

The Kantian Theory is strong on the duties that are considered categorical which when translated to the principle of ethics is referred to as categorical imperative. Norman Bowie expounded on this as follows: The fundamental principle of ethics, the categorical imperative, is a requirement of reason and is binding on all rational beings.

KANTIAN ETHICS. German philosopher Immanuel Kant () was an opponent of utilitarianism. Leading 20 th century proponent of Kantianism: Professor Elizabeth Anscombe ().

Kants approach to ethics and the issue of suicide essay

Basic Summary: Kant, unlike Mill, believed that certain types of actions (including murder, theft, and lying) were absolutely prohibited, even in cases .

Categorical imperative - Wikipedia