Charles Dickens, the renowned British author was born in Portsmouth, located on the southern coast of England February 7, His father John Dickens was a naval clerk.
Charles was the second of eight children to John Dickens —a clerk in the Navy Pay Office, and his wife Elizabeth Dickens — The Dickens family moved to London in and two years later to Chatham, Kent, where Charles spent early years of his childhood.
Due to the financial difficulties they moved back to London inwhere they settled in Camden Town, a poor neighborhood of London. His father, who had a difficult time managing money and was constantly in debt, was imprisoned in the Marshalsea debtor's prison in Because of this, Charles was withdrawn from school and forced to work in a warehouse that handled 'blacking' or shoe polish to help support the family.
This experience left profound psychological and sociological effects on Charles. It gave him a firsthand acquaintance with poverty and made him the most vigorous and influential voice of the working classes in his age.
After a few months Dickens's father was released from prison and Charles was allowed to go back to school. At fifteen his formal education ended and he found employment as an office boy at an attorney's, while he studied shorthand at night. From he worked as a shorthand reporter in the courts and afterwards as a parliamentary and newspaper reporter.
In Dickens began to contribute short stories and essays to periodicals. A Dinner at Popular Walk was Dickens's first published story. It appeared in the Monthly Magazine in December Instill a newspaper reporter, he adopted the soon to be famous pseudonym Boz. Dickens's first book, a collection of stories titled Sketches by Boz, was published in In the same year he married Catherine Hogarth, daughter of the editor of the Evening Chronicle.
Together they had 10 children before they separated in Although Dickens's main profession was as a novelist, he continued his journalistic work until the end of his life, editing The Daily News, Household Words, and All the Year Round.
His connections to various magazines and newspapers gave him the opportunity to begin publishing his own fiction at the beginning of his career.
Pickwick became one of the most popular works of the time, continuing to be so after it was published in book form in After the success of Pickwick Dickens embarked on a full-time career as a novelist, producing work of increasing complexity at an incredible rate: Oliver TwistNicholas NicklebyThe Old Curiosity Shop and Barnaby Rudge as part of the Master Humphrey's Clock seriesall being published in monthly instalments before being made into books.
In he travelled with his wife to the United States and Canada, which led to his controversial American Notes and is also the basis of some of the episodes in Martin Chuzzlewit.
In his popularity had allowed him to buy Gad's Hill Place, an estate he had admired since childhood. In Dickens began a series of paid readings, which became instantly popular. In all, Dickens performed more than times.
In that year, after a long period of difficulties, he separated from his wife. It was also around that time that Dickens became involved in an affair with a young actress named Ellen Ternan. The exact nature of their relationship is unclear, but it was clearly central to Dickens's personal and professional life.
In the closing years of his life Dickens worsened his declining health by giving numerous readings. During his readings in he collapsed, showing symptoms of mild stroke.
He retreated to Gad's Hill and began to work on Edwin Drood, which was never completed. Charles Dickens died at home on June 9, after suffering a stroke. The inscription on his tomb reads:Watch video · Charles Dickens (February 7, to June 9, ) was a British novelist, journalist, editor, illustrator and social commentator who wrote such beloved classic novels as Oliver Twist, A .
Charles Dickens, in full Charles John Huffam Dickens, (born February 7, , Portsmouth, Hampshire, England—died June 9, , Gad’s Hill, near Chatham, Kent), English novelist, generally considered the greatest of the Victorian era.
Watch video · Charles Dickens was a prolific and highly influential 19th century British author, who penned such acclaimed works as 'Oliver Twist,' 'A Christmas Carol,' 'David Copperfield' and 'Great Expectations.' Learn more at iridis-photo-restoration.com Charles Dickens is one of the most famous novelists of all time.
Charles Dickens was born on 7 February He was born to John Dickens and Elizabeth Dickens from Landport, Hampshire, England. Biography of Charles Dickens Charles Dickens was born in Portsmouth, England on February 7, to John and Elizabeth Dickens. He was the second of eight children.
Charles Dickens was an English writer and social critic.
During his lifetime, his works enjoyed unprecedented popularity. During his lifetime, his works enjoyed unprecedented popularity. He is now considered a literary genius because he created some of the world's best-known fictional characters and is regarded as the greatest novelist of the Victorian era.