Sources[ edit ] With the exception of Charlesworth, most scholars understand the History of the Captivity in Babylon to exist in two related versions.
God used Babylon as His agent of judgment against Israel for their sins of idolatry and rebellion against Him. There were actually several different times during this period B. With each successive rebellion against Babylonian rule, Nebuchadnezzar would lead his armies against Judah until they laid siege to Jerusalem for over a year, killing many people and destroying the Jewish temple, taking captive many thousands of Jews, and leaving Jerusalem in ruins.
As prophesied in Scripture, the Jewish people would be allowed to return to Jerusalem after 70 years of exile. That prophecy was fulfilled in B.
The return under the direction of Ezra led to a revival among the Jewish people and the rebuilding of the temple. It was during this time that Nebuchadnezzar took many of the finest and brightest young men from each city in Judah captive, including Daniel, Hananiah ShadrachMishael Meshach and Azariah Abednego.
After three years of serving Nebuchadnezzar, Jehoiakim of Judah rebelled against Babylonian rule and once again turned to Egypt for support.
Arriving in Jerusalem around March of B. At that time Nebuchadnezzar appointed King Zedekiah to rule as his representative over Judah, but after nine years and still not having learned their lesson, Zedekiah led Judah in rebellion against Babylon one final time 2 Kings 24— This resulted in Nebuchadnezzar again laying siege to Jerusalem.
Jerusalem fell in July or BC, and Zedekiah was taken captive to Babylon after seeing his sons killed before him and then having his eyes plucked out 2 Kings At this time Jerusalem was laid to waste, the temple destroyed and all the houses burned.
The majority of the Jewish people were taken captive, but, again, Nebuchadnezzar left a remnant of poor people to serve as farmers and vinedressers 2 Kings The books of 2 Chronicles and 2 Kings deal with much of the time leading up to fall of both the Northern Kingdom and Judah.
They also cover the destruction of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar and the beginning of the Babylonian captivity. Jeremiah was one of the prophets during the time leading up to the fall of Jerusalem and the exile, and Ezekiel and Daniel were written while the Jews were in exile.
Ezra deals with the return of the Jews as promised over 70 years before by God through the prophets Jeremiah and Isaiah. The book of Nehemiah also covers the return and rebuilding of Jerusalem after the exile was over. The Babylonian captivity had one very significant impact on the nation of Israel when it returned to the land—it would never again be corrupted by the idolatry and false gods of the surrounding nations.
A revival among Jews took place after the return of the Jews to Israel and the rebuilding of the temple.
We see those accounts in Ezra and Nehemiah as the nation would once again return to the God who had delivered them from their enemies.
Just as God had promised through the prophet Jeremiah, God judged the Babylonians for their sins, and the Babylonian Empire fell to the armies of Persia in B.The Babylonians think God has abandoned the Jews and celebrate. But they have a surprise coming. By the rivers of Babylon, there we sat down, we also wept, when we remembered Zion.
We hung our lyres on the willows in its midst.
For there those who carried us away captive required of us a song; and. A History of the Jews from the Babylonian Exile to the End of World War II [Solomon Grayzel] on iridis-photo-restoration.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. book. Bible History Online presents an overview and Map of The Babylonian Captivity in BC as recorded in the Old Testament during the period of the Kings of Judah.
And when the Jews came back to the land of Israel in the late s and early s, there were many so-called “Bavli” Jews coming in from Iraq who could trace their ancestry all the way back to this time of the Babylonian exile.
Babylonian Exile The Temple's destruction, the transfer of leadership to Babylon, and the Persian return to Israel reflect the larger political conflicts of the ancient world.
By Jeffrey Spitzer. Encyclopedia of Jewish and Israeli history, politics and culture, with biographies, statistics, articles and documents on topics from anti-Semitism to Zionism. Bookstore Glossary Library Links News Publications Timeline Virtual Israel Experience.
Timeline of Judaism after the Babylonian Exile ( BCE CE).