Publications and podcasts The referendum — Fact sheet On 27 May a Federal referendum was held. The first question, referred to as the 'nexus question' was an attempt to alter the balance of numbers in the Senate and the House of Representatives. The second question was to determine whether two references in the Australian Constitution, which discriminated against Aboriginal people, should be removed.
Publications and podcasts The referendum — Fact sheet On 27 May a Federal referendum was held. The second question was to determine whether two references in the Australian Constitution, which discriminated against Aboriginal people, should be removed.
This fact sheet addresses the second question. The sections of the Constitution under scrutiny were: The Parliament shall, subject to this Constitution, have power to make laws for the peace, order, and good government of the Commonwealth with respect to: In reckoning the numbers of the people of the Commonwealth, or of a State or other part of the Commonwealth, aboriginal natives should not be counted.
As a result of the political climate, this referendum saw the highest YES vote ever recorded in a Federal referendum, with It is interesting to note that because the majority of parliamentarians supported the proposed amendment, a NO case was never formulated for presentation as part of the referendum campaign.
Copies of the YES case can be located on files identified below. The Constitution was changed, giving formal effect to the referendum result, by the Constitution Alteration Aboriginals Act No 55 ofwhich received assent on 10 August The right to vote The referendum did not give Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples the right to vote.
This right had been legislated for Commonwealth elections inwith the last State to provide Indigenous enfranchisement being Queensland in Records relating to the referendum The National Archives in Canberra holds a range of records relating to the Referendum created by the government agencies that played key roles in events surrounding the referendum.
Examples of the types of records held are listed in the table below. Examples of records relating to the referendum Cabinet Secretariat CA 3 Title or description of record Date range.The Referendum The referendum was the repeal of section and section 51 in the Commonwealth Constitution.
With the repeal of these two sections the “Federal Government were allowed to make laws for Aborigines and Aborigines were now counted in the national census”(About the Referendum).
"The victory of the referendum was not a change of white attitudes. The real victory was the spirit of hope and optimism which affected blacks all over Australia.
The referendum was the culmination of a long struggle for both Aboriginal rights and respect, for social esteem as well as equality before the law. Was the referendum a cataclysm for Aboriginal people or for racists? In fact, the referendum was a significant milestone alongside others, like equal pay.
The mixed results of all these partial victories will be clarified by further anti-racist fights. The referendum – Fact sheet On 27 May a Federal referendum was held. The first question, referred to as the 'nexus question' was an attempt to alter the balance of numbers in the Senate and the House of Representatives.
The Referendum: Fact sheet, National Archives of Australia; The Referendum, National Film and Sound Archive, archived from the original on 27 May ; Australian Referendum.
Contains interviews with Aboriginal campaigners.